Women’s secret powers to fight climate change

Wind turbines standing in clear blue water
For financial professionals only

Tackling climate change has become a priority for companies, as they look to reduce their carbon emissions and keep global warming within 1.5 degrees of pre-industrial levels. Over 2,000 businesses have now set emissions reduction targets, according to the Science Based Targets Initiative. But many businesses are missing a trick by not considering climate change and diversity together. Research shows that women have underappreciated powers to fight climate change.

What’s the evidence?

The results of a recent study suggest that women are often more open than men to help tackle climate change (1):

  • As investors, women are more likely than men to prioritise ESG factors in their portfolios
  • As consumers, women are more likely to buy more low-carbon products
  • As leaders, women are more likely to sign international treaties to reduce global warming

However, the powerful impact of women fighting climate change isn’t being fully felt. Women are underrepresented in governments and on company boards, especially in high-emitting sectors such as oil & gas, metals & mining, manufacturing, agriculture, transport and construction. And interviews with 20 companies in the study found that there was little awareness of how gender diversity and climate ambitions can interact.

Another study looked at the 159 highest-emitting companies, estimated to account for over 80% of global industrial carbon emissions (2). It found that companies with better board gender diversity made better progress tackling climate change across various indicators. This is shown in the chart below.

Graph showing companies with better board gender diversity make better progress tackling climate change

Interestingly, the study also showed a positive relationship between climate progress and companies with younger leadership and a median age of board directors under 60 years old. This suggests diversity of age is also important when it comes to tackling climate change.

A third study which included directors of US publicly listed companies found that women were more likely than men to think that climate change should be considered when forming business strategy (3). Women were also more likely to think ESG factors should be part of risk management discussions and were more supportive of executive compensation plans linked to climate goals.

Finally, Credit Suisse and Refinitiv found that companies with at least 20% women in management scored significantly better on Environmental metrics as well as Social and Governance compared to companies with less than 15% women in management (4).

Graph showing performance of business based on number of women in management positions

Why’s this important for investors?

Climate change and diversity are both important issues for investors, particularly those wanting to be confident they are investing in a sustainable way.

We assess both of these factors as part of our ongoing due diligence of funds across our core PIM solutions, as well as considering broader ESG issues like voting and engagement activity.

This can be seen in a couple of projects:

  • We’ve reviewed whether our managers are part of the Net Zero Asset Managers Initiative. If not, we’ve contacted them to understand why, if they’re considering joining and what other steps they’re taking to tackle climate change.
  • We’ve collected data from our managers about the diversity of their investment teams, the diversity initiatives they’re part of and their gender pay gap. This helps us recognise which of our funds are leading, which are continuing to improve, and challenge those that are falling behind to change. The results are available here.

ESG issues are often interconnected, so it’s important to take a holistic approach to assessing different ESG factors in fund due diligence rather than focusing on isolated issues.  If you’d like to find out more about this and about Parmenion's approach to ESG investing, please get in touch.

(1) https://www.oliverwyman.com/content/dam/oliver-wyman/ow-forum/climate/Diversity%20%20Climate%20report%20(002).pdf

(2) https://www.boardready.io/insights/2021/10/11/does-board-diversity-drive-corporate-action-on-climate-change

(3) https://www.pwc.com/us/en/about-us/newsroom/press-releases/pwc-launches-acds-2021.html

(4) https://www.credit-suisse.com/about-us/en/reports-research/csri.html

This article is for financial professionals only. Any information contained within is of a general nature and should not be construed as a form of personal recommendation or financial advice. Nor is the information to be considered an offer or solicitation to deal in any financial instrument or to engage in any investment service or activity. Parmenion accepts no duty of care or liability for loss arising from any person acting, or refraining from acting, as a result of any information contained within this article. All investment carries risk. The value of investments, and the income from them, can go down as well as up and investors may get back less than they put in. Past performance is not a reliable indicator of future returns.  

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